As a global actor, Europe has a responsibility to promote stable conditions for human and economic development, human rights, democracy and fundamental freedoms.
In this context, a key objective of the EU is to assist third countries in crisis situations or emerging crisis, and to prevent global and transregional threats leading to destabilisation, such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Copernicus services can support EU External Action through the provision of rapid, on-demand geo-spatial information for the detection and monitoring of events or activities implications for European Security. In addition, the services contribute towards the improvement of crisis prevention, preparedness and response capacities, through the provision of improved geo-spatial intelligence and situational awareness.
Before the Copernicus services in support to External Action can be deployed in an operational mode, further research need to be carried out. This is why the European Commission is funding two new projects under the FP7 Research Framework Programme: G-NEXT (Pre-operational Copernicus Services in support of EU External Action) and G-SEXTANT (Service Provision of Geospatial Intelligence in EU External Actions Support).
Both projects started on January 1st, 2013 and they are building on the legacy of the G-MOSAIC project (GMES services for Management of Operations, Situation Awareness and Intelligence for regional Crises) that provided users with intelligence data for early warning and crisis prevention, as well as crisis management and rapid intervention in hot spots around the world. The G-MOSAIC project started in January 2009 and ended in March 2012.